Saturday, 21 October 2017

Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma: The Rarest Epithelial Cancer

Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma is one of the most controversial illnesses to strike mankind in recent memory. It is known as the cancer of the epithelial layer of different organs such as the lungs and the stomach. While it is known to be caused by different factors, the primary reason why this type of cancer arises is because of exposure to asbestos. Fibers of asbestos are either inhaled or swallowed, and they end up depositing in the organ walls. Such deposits would eventually cause the arising of mesothelioma. The rarest form of this cancer is sarcomatoid mesothelioma. What are the things you need to know about this cancer? This article would try to answer that and other questions.
Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma: The Rarest Epithelial Cancer

What is Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma?

Mesothelioma is considered to be sarcomatoid if the cancer cells are sarcomatoid. Sarcomatoid cells resemble the cancer cells found in sarcoma, which is connective tissue cancer. These cells often overlap each other and create irregular yet fibrous patterns. This type of cancer is known to be the rarest of all mesothelioma types, with only about 10-20% of cases classified under this.

Just like any form of mesothelioma, a sarcomatoid Mesothelioma cancer is known for being dormant and asymptomatic in its early stages. However, once it develops in the host’s organ tissue and becomes malignant, it starts to manifest its painful symptoms. Because the tumor cells are causing the organ walls to swell, it’s inevitable that it’s going to make contact with the walls of your body, causing serious pain. This pain comes from the region where the organ with the tumors is found.
Diagnosing and Treating Sarcomatoid Mesothelioma

Interesting Article

As equally known for its deadliness is its inherent difficulty to diagnose. Because it resembles fibrosarcomas, a type of malignant tumor that affects fibrous connective tissue, diagnosis of this type of mesothelioma is sometimes delayed or even mistaken. Diagnostic tools for this type of cancer resemble that of any mesothelioma case. A biopsy is taken to check for the presence of malignant sarcomatoid cells in the tissue. Other techniques for diagnosis include histochemical tests and imaging techniques such as X-Rays and MRIs.

Sarcomatoid mesothelioma prognosis varies depending on the stage of the cancer and where it is located. Cancer on vital organs such as the lungs and the heart has a considerably bleaker prognosis. Arguably the most important factor that determines the overall prognosis of the patient is his/her responsiveness to treatment methods. Techniques used for treatment include surgical removal of the tumor, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy. However, one thing that makes this disease difficult to cure is the inherent resistance of the cancer cells to these methods, which is why recovery for patients diagnosed with this cancer resembles an uphill battle.

Sarcomatoid tumors are the rarest and arguably the deadliest among the different forms of mesothelioma. But with immediate attention and the right treatment, one does stand a chance to win the battle against this very deadly disease. If you or a loved one is suffering from sarcomatoid mesothelioma, a strong medical and moral support system can definitely increase the odds of survival.

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