Saturday, 28 October 2017

Epithelial Mesothelioma Cancer: A Basic Profile

Mesothelioma in itself is already a rare cancer in itself. A form of tumor forming at the linings of organs such as the stomach and the lungs, it is one of the deadliest and hardest to treat of all cancers. There are different classifications of mesothelioma, and they are often divided into if they are non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant). The most common form of mesothelioma (and the easiest to detect and possibly cure) is epithelial mesothelioma. What characterizes this type of cancer, what are its different types, and how can someone affected by this get treatment?

The Basics of Epithelial Mesothelioma

As the name suggests, this form of mesothelioma affects the epithelial tissues of internal organs. The epithelial tissue is best known as the layer of membranous tissue that lines the organ. The symptoms of this type of cancer are described as vague at best. Because of this, they are often classified according to which organ of the body it actually struck. For example, if the cancer is found in the heart lining, then it’s called a pericardial epithelial mesothelioma. If it’s in the stomach, then it’s called peritoneal. And if it’s in the lungs, then it’s called pleural.
Epithelial Mesothelioma: A Basic Profile

As said earlier, the symptoms of epithelial cancer itself are quite difficult to diagnose. The symptoms of these cancers are usually dependent in the organ it struck. General symptoms include pain in the area where the organ is located and isolated swelling. For example, if the epithelial mesothelioma cancer is of the pleural nature, then there would be pain and swelling in the chest area as well as difficulty and shortness of breath. However, the main problem is, these cancers often emerge only at their advanced stages, often remaining dormant for years.

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Epithelial Diagnosis, Prognosis, and Treatment

The diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment for epithelial mesothelioma can be a complicated one. What makes diagnosis difficult for these types of cancers is it can easily be misdiagnosed as a case of other cancers such as adenocarcinoma. In addition, it can be the byproduct of another disease such as asbestosis. There are different techniques doctors use to generate a diagnosis: immunohistochemistry techniques together with radiology and pathology exams are used to determine if the person has such a disease.

Because this cancer almost always appear in its late stages, creating an epithelial mesothelioma prognosis can be quite difficult. At best, prognosis for the patient is measured at 1-2 years, especially if the cancer is already in its advanced stages and is already pushing the affected organ, if not multiple organs, to the brink of failure. Because of this, treatment procedures for this type of cancer are usually of the aggressive type. A combination of surgery and chemotherapy are used to remove the tumor and prevent it from reappearing and spreading all over the body. It’s quite a taxing and risky process, but it’s practically the only way to save the patient.

Epithelial mesothelioma is one of the most feared cancers. The key to treat such problems is to diagnose it early and to go for treatment as soon as possible.

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